OTHER-20604 Investigating the Impact of a Conditional Cash Transfer on Reducing Incidence of Adolescent Pregnancy in the Philippines


The literature on conditional cash transfers focuses more on the impact of the program on health and education outcomes. The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) in the Philippines provides a cash grant conditional on the requirements related to health and education. This study delved deeper into the impact of the 4Ps on adolescent pregnancy and health outcomes. It also looked into the impact on the educational attainment of adolescent mothers. The program which is designed to increase teen education may lead to decreased adolescent pregnancy as it adds to the opportunity cost of getting pregnant. Though fertility rate in the Philippines declined over the past thirty years, there still remain a considerable number of young women who have their first birth between ages 15 to 19 years old. The recent 2017 National Demographic Health Survey in the Philippines reveals that almost 10 percent of women aged 15 to 19 years old have begun childbearing, the highest in Southeast Asia. The study explored the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program using the National Demographic Health Survey for the years 2013 and 2017. Results from the difference and difference method and coarsened exact matching reveal that although rates of adolescent pregnancy declined from 2013 to 2017, and health outcomes such as infant birth weight, infant survival rate, and antenatal visits improved, these are not directly attributable to the 4Ps program. Results also revealed that the program resulted in higher educational attainment of adolescent mothers. The study explored possible policy recommendations related to adolescent pregnancy and the poverty program.


Project leader: Mitzie Irene Conchada

Project researchers: Marites Tiongco

Journal publication

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Working Papers

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Policy Briefs

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Final report

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No proposals.

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