PMMA-20568 Gendered Effects of Crop Diversification and Rainfall Shocks on Household Food Security Status in Nigeria

Abstract

The effects of climate variation on farming households in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) continues to be an important policy question considering the low agricultural productivity, food security, and gender inequality problem in the region. Despite evidence that the food security status of women reflects the economic access to food of households, there is little evidence on the role of women in mitigating the effects of climate change on household food security status. We, therefore, seek to understand the effect of rainfall shocks on the household food security status and explore how the crop diversification behaviour of male and female household members help mitigate the effects of rainfall shocks. To do this, we will combine historical monthly rainfall dataset with the World Bank Living Standards Measurement Study-Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA) for Nigeria. We will employ the Margalef Index (MI) and income share as our measures of crop diversification and use the Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) and reduced Coping Strategy Index (rCSI) to capture household food security status. We will then employ the household fixed effect to understand the nexus between rainfall shocks, household food security status and crop diversification behaviour of male and female household members. We will further test for robustness by employing instrumental variable, Poisson, and fractional probit regression models. Although we expect a positive relationship between diversification and household food security status, we expect that the diversification behaviour of females will have a greater positive effect than males’ in mitigating the effects of rainfall shocks on households.


Members

Project leader: Khadijat Busola Amolegbe

Project researchers: FONTEP Eugenie Rose | Emmanuelle Dorcas MBANGA PAGAL | Bernadin Géraud Comlan Ahodode | Sunday Stephen Akomolafe | LUQMAN POPOOLA

Scientific mentors: Abdelkrim Araar

Policy outreach mentors: Claude Sinzogan


Journal publication

No journal publications.


Working Papers

No working papers.


Policy Briefs

No policy briefs.


Final report

No final reports.


Proposal

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Gendered Effects of Crop Diversification and Rainfall Shocks on Household Food Security Status in Nigeria 2021-10-27 554.77kB 2 0

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