PMMA-20418 Women’s Employment Issue in Rural Senegal: What Can We Learn About the Shift From Farm Activities to Diversification Strategies?

Abstract

The purpose of our research is to address rural women’s employment issue in Senegal, focusing on two questions. i) What are the main factors limiting women’s participation in rural farm and non-farm activities? ii) To what extent do diversification strategies influence rural women's income? To answer these questions, we first perform a descriptive analysis to profile rural women based on socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. Then, we follow a four-step econometric approach. First, we use logit model to identify main constraints limiting rural women’s participation in farm and non-farm activities. Second, we estimate the participation equations simultaneously to control for the pull and push factors. Third, we apply the ordinary least squares and quantile regression methods to estimate the revenues generated from farm and non-farm activities. Fourth, we make use of impact evaluation techniques, namely the propensity score matching method and endogenous switching regression model, to assess the impact of diversification strategies on rural women’s income. The contribution of this research is twofold: i) while rural women’s employment issue has attracted considerable interest among policy makers, little research has been conducted, up till now, to understand how women are faring in Senegal’s rural labor market; ii) the research proposal seeks to provide policy makers with evidence-based guidance that can be used to lift constraints faced by rural women and make the diversification strategies successful. To implement our research, we use the labour force survey, i.e. Enquête nationale sur l’emploi au Senegal, conducted in 2015 by the National Bureau of Statistics.


Members

Project leader: Malick DIALLO

Project researchers: amoudath MAZU | Abdoulaye DIEYE | Marième Fatou Seye | Fatou Mboup | Ibrahima Ndiaye

Scientific mentors: Abdelkrim Araar

Policy outreach mentors: Claude Sinzogan


Working Papers

No working papers.


Policy Briefs

No policy briefs.


Proposal

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Women’s Employment Issue in Rural Senegal: What Can We Learn About the Shift From Farm Activities to Diversification Strategies? 2019-09-12 532.54kB 0 0

Final report

No final reports.


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