In this paper, we seek to estimate the effect of working while studying in college and university and internships on educational mismatch in the Zambian labour market using an instrumental variable approach. We broadly define ‘work-study’ experience as pre-graduation exposure to a working environment during college or university study. The study will use two rounds of the School to Work Transition Surveys conducted by the ILO in 2012 and 2014. We will estimate a range of ordered probit regression models taking into account self-selection and sample-selection bias to assess the effects of ‘work-study’ and internship experience on educational mismatch among the employed youths. We also examine the heterogeneous effects of ‘work-study and internship experience on educational mismatch due to gender. The data allows us to generate objective, empirical and subjective measures of educational mismatch. Rigorous evidence showing the causal relationship between ‘work-study’ and internship experience and educational mismatch is important for the creation of effective strategies for enhancing youth employability in developing countries.
Project leader: CHITALU MIRIAM CHAMA CHILIBA
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