During 1991-2002 Sierra Leone suffered a violent civil war with asymmetric intensity across regions and effects on birth cohorts. This study exploits this variation, to assess the short and long-term effects of exposure to conflict, during different stages of life, on labour market outcomes of individuals (labour market participation and earnings) in Sierra Leone and investigate possible causal pathways (education and cognitive skills). For this purpose, this study combines data of the Sierra Leone Integrated Household Surveys (2003/2004 and 2011) with event data on the timing and location of battles, attacks and human right violation drawn from official crime report (No Peace Without Justice report, 2004) and household of these surveys (household self reported assets lost during conflict). The main expected result is that conflict exposure during different periods of life has heterogeneous effects on labour markets outcomes in Sierra Leone. Some of these effects are explained by a loss of human capital accumulation. Finally, relevant policies could be drawn from this study to help the government of Sierra Leone and development partners to mitigate the impacts of conflict and other shocks on labour market outcomes and human capital accumulation.
Project leader: James Fomba Sandy
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