PMMA-20210 Can Urbanization Improve Household Welfare and Provide Inclusive Opportunities? The Case of Urban Expansion in Ethiopia

Abstract

Many African countries are experiencing unprecedented levels of urbanization. However, the urbanization processes in many African countries lack integrated planning and structural transformations to support growing urban population. Urban development programs in Ethiopia share most of these problems and challenges. Despite from a low base, Ethiopia is experiencing rapid urbanization and urban growth (4.5% growth in urban population). The implication of these recent trends in urban expansions remains unexplored. Despite lack of rigorous empirical evidence, recent anecdotal pieces of evidence hint that recent trends in urban expansions in Ethiopia may not be improving household welfare and generating inclusive opportunities for all groups of population. For instance, some hint that the youth and women may not be equally benefiting from recent urbanizations. However, rigorous empirical evaluations of urban development programs in Africa are missing. This project aims to investigate the implications of urbanization on households’ welfare and livelihood in Ethiopia. We are particularly interested in identifying whether recent urbanization trends in Ethiopia are improving household welfare and generating inclusive opportunities, including for women and the youth. We aim to assemble large geo-referenced and nationally representative household-level longitudinal datasets. The main dataset come from the Living Standard Measurement Study-Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA) for Ethiopia, collected by the Central Statistical Authority of Ethiopia in collaboration with the World Bank. We plan to merge these longitudinal surveys with spatial datasets, including nighttime light and climate related datasets. We aim to employ alternative econometric approaches that exploit the longitudinal variations in our measure of urbanization.


Members

Project leader: Kibrom Abay

Project researchers: Meron Endale Hailu | Helina Worku | Tsega Gebrekristos Mezgebo


Working Papers

No working papers.


Policy Briefs

No policy briefs.


Proposal

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Can Urbanization Improve Household Welfare and Provide Inclusive Opportunities? The Case of Urban Expansion in Ethiopia 2018-09-18 1.06MB 0 0

Final report

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