STAARS-06 Impact of Productive Safety Net Program on Household Dietary Diversity and Child Nutrition in Rural Ethiopia

Abstract

This paper analyses the impact of a large-scale social protection scheme, the Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Program, on household dietary diversity and child nutrition outcomes using the Ethiopian Socio-economic Survey panel data. We used a continuous treatment approach using generalized propensity score matching and the standard propensity score matching approaches to estimate the impact of the program at extensive and intensive margin. Estimates of the dose-response functions reveal that average household dietary calorie intake, protein intake, and iron intake did not change with the intensity of cash transfer. On the other hand, the estimates for the different household dietary diversity outcome indicators from the standard propensity score matching approach reveal that the program has no positive impact on household dietary diversity. The results further showed that nutrition outcomes of children under age of 5 years have not been responsive to PSNP membership even though the analysis was disaggregated to the first critical 1000 days of life. Specifically, the program does not have any significant impact on reducing the prevalence of stunting or wasting on children of participant households though we priori expected positive effect due to increased household income. This may be attributed to the time of exposure or the two year time period between the rounds of survey may not be sufficient to capture impacts in child anthropometric measures. However, our estimates show that girls under age of 5 years are better-off in the prevalence of stunting and wasting compared to boys in PSNP member households.


Members

Project leader: Tagel Gebrehiwot

Project researchers:


Journal publication

Authors Co-Authors Title of paper Title of Economic Review Bibliographic references
Tagel Gebrehiwot Carolina Castilla Do Safety Net Transfers Improve Diets and Reduce Undernutrition? Evidence from Rural Ethiopia The Journal of Development Studies

Published online (August 2018)


Working Papers

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Do safety net transfers improve household diets and reduce undernutrition? Evidence from rural Ethiopia 2018-02-05 0.96MB 0 0

Policy Briefs

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Do safety net transfers improve household diets and reduce undernutrition? Evidence from rural Ethiopia 2017-03-23 426.29KB 0 0

Final report

No final reports.


Proposal

No proposals.


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