PMMA-20015 Labor Force Participation for Educated Females and Gender Wage Gap in Palestine

Abstract

Two interesting stylized facts emerges from the Palestinian labor market. Firstly, While share of educated females has swiftly expanded during the 1999-2014 period, their labor participation rate has stagnated. Secondly, gender equity has deteriorated during the same period, such that wage gap between educated males and educated females has widened amounting to more than 0.4 by the end of 2014. This research aims at exploring why education has contributed little to boost female labor force participation and bridge gender wage gap in Palestine. Crude evidence suggests that limited job opportunity for educated females may be a contributing factor. Unlike the case of educated females, unemployment rate for educated females has swiftly increased during the same period, rising to about 0.4 in 2014. This research investigates the extent to which limited job opportunity for educated females contributes to their stagnated labor force participation and gender wage gap in Palestine. The empirical analysis of this research utilizes quarterly labor force data, published by Palestine Census Bureau of Statistics during the 1999-2014 period. To explore the causal effect of limited job opportunity for educated females, we employ a fixed effects model using the Instrumental variable approach. The outcome of this research is expected to have important policy implications regarding the economic empowerment of educated females in Palestine. In Particular, the findings would represent an evidence based guidance to identify policies that focus on boosting labor demand for educated females.


Members

Project leader: Bilal Nabeel Falah

Project researchers: Mohammad Hattawy | Arwa Abu Hashhash | Iman Saadeh

Scientific mentors: Marcelo Bérgolo


Working Papers

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
The Effect of Labor-Demand Shocks on Women’s Participation in the Labor Force: Evidence from Palestine 2019-05-02 1.32MB 0 0

Policy Briefs

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Young educated women in Palestine disenchanted with labor market due to declining job opportunities 2019-08-27 451.71kB 0 0

Proposal

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
2017-09-21 544.84kB 0 0

Final report

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Labor Force Participation for Educated Females and Gender Wage Gap in Palestine 2018-09-18 645.08kB 0 0

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