A childcare (preschool education) program is one of the most important government programs in Mongolia. Preschool education is designed for children aged between 2-5 years. Public childcare services are provided universally free of charge, serving 225 thousand children in 2015. However, the childcare program in Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of Mongolia, is the largest (40% share in total enrollment ) and the most demanded. Ger area, an informal settlement around Ulaanbaatar is characterized with high poverty, low employment and a lack of access to adequate sanitation, water supply and public services. Hence, we propose to study the impact of public provision of childcare centers in Ulaanbaatar, with particular attention to Ger area. We will evaluate the impact of the program on women’s labor market outcomes, children’s cognitive development and health.
Project leader: Altantsetseg Batchuluun
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