PMMA-12400 Risk Tolerance, Gender, and Entrepreneurship: The case of the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the inter-relationships between entrepreneurial propensity, fear of failure (fof), and gender using the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Adult Population Survey (APS) data for 2009, 2010, and 2012 for a number of countries. The results show that the fear of failure, higher among women, negatively affects entrepreneurial status while the skill perception does the opposite. It is also found that gender increases the probability of fear of failure, although this result is not stable over time. Using the Conditional Mixed Process (CMP) specification, we find that gender and fof both reduce the predicted probability of entrepreneurship consistently over time. The only variable that consistently predicts fof and is significant is skill perception; its impact is negative. Policy implications of this research point to the importance of reducing the gender gap in entrepreneurship. Particularly, in order to encourage more females to be entrepreneurs, there is a need to improve their skill perception. This will reduce fof and increase entrepreneurial propensity. This could be achieved by many tools such as through networking and media coverage of success stories, etc. JEL: L26,


Members

Project leader: Yousef Daoud

Project researchers: Ruba Shanti | Shaker Sarsour | Sana Kamal

Scientific mentors: Paola Ballon | Guy Lacroix


Journal publication

Authors Co-Authors Title of paper Title of Economic Review Bibliographic references
Yousef S. Daoud Shaker Sarsour, Ruba Shanti, Sanaa Kamal Risk tolerance, gender, and entrepreneurship: The Palestinian case Review of Development Economics

Special issue (PEP)
Published online
(December 2019 - "early view")


Working Papers

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Risk Tolerance, Gender, and Entrepreneurship: The case of the occupied Palestinian territory 2015-08-25 885.58KB 0 0

Policy Briefs

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Risk tolerance, gender and entrepreneurship : the Palestinian case 2015-01-16 1000.03KB 0 0

Final report

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Risk tolerance, gender, and entrepreneurship: The Palestinian case 2014-12-10 1069.07KB 0 0

Proposal

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
2014-11-06 691.27KB 0 0

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