PMMA-12219 Are there ethnic inequality traps in education? Evidence for Brazil and Chile.

Abstract

This paper carries out an analysis to determine if there is evidence suggestive of an inequality trap in educational attainment between ethnic groups in Brazil and Chile. The findings present a contribution since the available literature has not studied this matter at the individual level. Moreover, since there is no comprehensive methodological framework to diagnose inequality traps, the study proposes an approach to assess certain conditions compatible with an educational inequality trap. In general, the main findings indicate that while average education and upward mobility have risen in both countries, mostly due to increased access to schooling at all levels, ethnic disparities are still relevant. In particular, the evidence is suggestive of an educational inequality trap for Afro-Brazilians, while the findings are less conclusive of a trap in Chile. These results imply that policies should be aimed at enhancing equity among ethnic groups in educational attainment in two ways: compensation mechanisms to lower current inequality and increasing opportunities at higher educational levels to prevent future inequities.


Members

Project leader: Guillermo Cruces

Project researchers: Adriana Conconi | Andres Ham | Marcelo Bérgolo | Fedora Carbajal


Journal publication

No journal publications.


Working Papers

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Are there ethnic inequality traps in education? Empirical evidence for Brazil and Chile* 2012-06-04 482.9KB 0 1

Policy Briefs

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
Are There Ethnic Inequality Traps in Education in Latin America? Empirical Evidence for Brazil and Chile 2012-07-04 541.92KB 0 0

Final report

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
2012-04-25 390.33KB 2 1

Proposal

Title Modified Size Comments Recommendations
LOOKING FOR EVIDENCE ON INEQUALITY TRAPS IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN 2010-07-05 409.75KB 0 0

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