The aim of this proposal is to conduct an impact evaluation of an anti-poverty program, Plan Nacional de Atencion a la Emergencia Social, that was deployed during 2005-2007 in Uruguay. The plan includes a wide set of interventions. The main one, Ingreso Ciudadano, is a conditional cash transfer program aimed at alleviating poverty and targeted to indigent population. At present, around 74.500 households receive this transfer (8% of total population). Although the PANES objectives were very ambitiuos, in this proposal we will concentrate on four main outcomes: child labour and school attendance, adult labour supply and informality. The results of this evaluation are key inputs for the redesign of Asignaciones Familiares, a permanent cash transfer that will replace PANES. Our evaluation will be based on the administrative registry, including succesful and unsuccesful applicants and two additional waves of a panel survey to 3500 households. Our identification strategy is based on differences in differences estimators and regression discontinuity.